Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine

: 2017  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 235--236

Ectopic parathyroid incidentaloma on Tc99M sestamibi myocardial perfusion imaging

Rola Aatif Hasan Hussain, Ammar Mohammed Saeed Ali, K Manivannan, SK Chirala 
 Department of Radiology, Salmaniaya Medical Complex, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain

Correspondence Address:
S K Chirala
Nuclear Medicine Consultant, Department of Radiology, Salmaniaya Medical Complex, PB 12, Manama 311
Kingdom of Bahrain


Parathyroid incidentalomas are generally discovered during thyroid surgery. [1]In the present case, the ectopic parathyroid adenoma was discovered as an incidentaloma in a clinical setting, during the course of clinical evaluation of atypical chest pain by gastroenterology and cardiology.

How to cite this article:
Hussain RA, Ali AM, Manivannan K, Chirala S K. Ectopic parathyroid incidentaloma on Tc99M sestamibi myocardial perfusion imaging.Indian J Nucl Med 2017;32:235-236

How to cite this URL:
Hussain RA, Ali AM, Manivannan K, Chirala S K. Ectopic parathyroid incidentaloma on Tc99M sestamibi myocardial perfusion imaging. Indian J Nucl Med [serial online] 2017 [cited 2023 Jan 31 ];32:235-236
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Full Text

During 99mTc sestaMIBI-gated Single photon emission tomography (SPECT) Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) for the evaluation of atypical chest pain, an anterior mediastinal lesion was discovered [Figure 1]. Dual-phase 99mTc sestaMIBI parathyroid imaging [Figure 2] was carried out, which has shown the retention of radiopharmaceutical in the anterior mediastinal lesion, suggesting ectopic parathyroid adenoma. On further investigation, Computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest [Figure 3] has confirmed 3.2 × 2.3 × 2 cm ectopic parathyroid adenoma in the anterior–superior mediastinum.{Figure 1}{Figure 2}{Figure 3}

The term “parathyroid incidentaloma” is used to indicate unexpected parathyroid adenomas that are encountered during surgery.[2],[3] The incidental discovery of parathyroid tumors was first reported by Attie et al. in 1967[1] while he was exploring the neck. It is a rare entity and till now approximately 50 cases have been reported worldwide.[5] With the advent of high-resolution ultrasound examination for thyroid lesion, parathyroid incidentaloma may be revealed prior to surgery.[4]

In the present case, patient was being investigated for atypical chest pain by gastroenterology and later by cardiology departments. Upper Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy was normal. During the course of cardiac evaluation, MPI with 99 mTc sestaMIBI, which was negative for inducible ischemia, has suggested the unsuspected ectopic parathyroid adenoma and further directed clinical management.

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