|Year : 2020 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 372-373
Clinical utility of 68Ga-DOTANOC positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan on postoperative assessment of juvenile nasal angiofibroma
Pirabu Sakthivel1, Alok Thakar1, Arun Prashanth2, Sreedharan Thankarajan Arunraj2, Rakesh Kumar1, Rakesh Kumar2
1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Nuclear Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
|Date of Submission||10-Jun-2020|
|Date of Decision||23-Jun-2020|
|Date of Acceptance||24-Jun-2020|
|Date of Web Publication||21-Oct-2020|
Dr. Rakesh Kumar
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Division of Diagnostic Nuclear Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
| Abstract|| |
Somatostatin cell surface receptors are expressed on the peritumoral vessels of various benign and malignant neoplasms including angiofibromas. Positive initial uptake on positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging with 68Ga-labeled DOTANOC is noted in a patient with juvenile nasal angiofibroma (JNA), and the same is noted to be absent following complete surgical excision. Functional 68Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT may be an early useful tool for JNA residual/recurrence identification and precise postoperative surveillance.
Keywords: Angiofibroma, DOTANOC positron emission tomography-computed tomography, juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma
|How to cite this article:|
Sakthivel P, Thakar A, Prashanth A, Arunraj ST, Kumar R, Kumar R. Clinical utility of 68Ga-DOTANOC positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan on postoperative assessment of juvenile nasal angiofibroma. Indian J Nucl Med 2020;35:372-3
|How to cite this URL:|
Sakthivel P, Thakar A, Prashanth A, Arunraj ST, Kumar R, Kumar R. Clinical utility of 68Ga-DOTANOC positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan on postoperative assessment of juvenile nasal angiofibroma. Indian J Nucl Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Dec 2];35:372-3. Available from: https://www.ijnm.in/text.asp?2020/35/4/372/298738
We recently published the case of a patient with primary juvenile nasal angiofibroma (JNA), in whom 68 Ga-DOTANOC positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT) showed avid DOTANOC uptake in primary tumor along with intracranial extension. The 19-year-old adolescent boy underwent right transmaxillary approach and gross total excision of the tumor (clinical image depicting scar of lateral rhinotomy [arrow in [Figure 1]a, excised specimen [Figure 1]b). On 4-month follow-up, the patient was asymptomatic, and nasal endoscopy was normal. We performed 68 Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT scan for postoperative disease surveillance after 4 months. To limit the radiation exposure, only head-and-neck spot imaging was obtained as the disease is benign. The scan revealed no abnormal uptake in the postoperative site. There was intense uptake only in the pituitary gland (maximum standardized uptake value [SUVmax] = 6.24). On comparison with preoperative and postoperative scans, it was clearly visualized that there was no residual disease in our patient (preoperative maximum intensity projection [MIP], axial, coronal, and sagittal fused PET/CT images [Figure 1]c, [Figure 1]d, [Figure 1]e, [Figure 1]f and postoperative MIP, axial, coronal, and sagittal fused PET/CT images [Figure 1]g, [Figure 1]h, [Figure 1]i, [Figure 1]j, respectively). The patient is currently asymptomatic at 9 months post surgery and will be in yearly follow-up for 3 years.
|Figure 1: Clinical image depicting scar of lateral rhinotomy (arrow in a), excised specimen (b), preoperative maximum intensity projection, axial, coronal, and sagittal fused positron emission tomography-computed tomography images (c-f) and postoperative maximum intensity projection, axial, coronal, and sagittal fused positron emission tomography-computed tomography images (g-j), respectively|
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Somatostatin (SST) (also known as growth hormone-inhibiting hormone or somatotropin release-inhibiting factor) is a short-peptide hormone with numerous autocrine, paracrine, and neurotransmitter regulatory functions. SST cell surface receptors (SSTRs) are expressed in many different malignant, benign, and neuroendocrine tumors. SSTRs are also expressed in the endothelium of human vessels during angiogenesis and not in nonproliferating vessels., Kukwa et al. performed immunohistochemical evaluation in nine patients of JNA and proved the overexpression of SSTRs in them. Furthermore, in a study by Gronkiewicz et al., the 68 Ga-DOTATATE PET data correlated with immunohistochemistry for SSTRs in six cases of JNA.
JNA is a rare, benign, locally aggressive, fibrovascular neoplasm arising from the posterior part of the nasal cavity, exclusively seen in adolescent males. Radical surgery remains the treatment of choice. Due to propensity for notorious massive intraoperative bleeding and the difficulty in extirpating the disease completely, the rate of residual disease even after surgical treatment varies from 13% to 50%., Hence, postoperative assessment of residual/recurrent disease remains a major determinant during follow-up. The performance of postoperative 68 Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT to assess SSTR expression may assist in early functional residual/recurrent disease identification compared to conventional structural imaging (CT and magnetic resonance imaging), which might be affected by postoperative changes.,,,,, Compared to PSMA PET, DOTANOC PET may be superior for postoperative functional surveillance in JNA as there is no uptake in the salivary glands and nasopharynx, making interpretation straightforward.,,,
Declaration of patient consent
The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form, the patient has given his consent for his images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patient understands that his name and initial will not be published, and due efforts will be made to conceal identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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