|Year : 2017 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 61-62
Thoraco-Abdominal duplication cyst- role tc-99m pertechnetate spect-ct scintigraphy in localising ectopic gastric mucosa
Mudalsha Ravina, Deepanksha Datta, Kasturi Rangan, Ajay Singh Suraj, Sanjay Gambhir
Department of Nuclear Medicine, SGPGIMS (Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences), Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
|Date of Web Publication||17-Jan-2017|
Department of Nuclear Medicine, SGPGIMS, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
| Abstract|| |
Thoraco-abdominal duplication cyst, a congenital malformation of the posterior primitive foregut rarely presents with anaemia. Ectopic gastric mucosa is seen in around 20%-30% of the enteric duplication cysts. We report the scintigraphic findings of one such case which helped in final diagnosis and management of the patient.
Keywords: 99mTc pertechnetate, ectopic gastric mucosa, SPECT-CT, Thoraco-abdominal cyst
|How to cite this article:|
Ravina M, Datta D, Rangan K, Suraj AS, Gambhir S. Thoraco-Abdominal duplication cyst- role tc-99m pertechnetate spect-ct scintigraphy in localising ectopic gastric mucosa. Indian J Nucl Med 2017;32:61-2
|How to cite this URL:|
Ravina M, Datta D, Rangan K, Suraj AS, Gambhir S. Thoraco-Abdominal duplication cyst- role tc-99m pertechnetate spect-ct scintigraphy in localising ectopic gastric mucosa. Indian J Nucl Med [serial online] 2017 [cited 2021 Jun 22];32:61-2. Available from: https://www.ijnm.in/text.asp?2017/32/1/61/198486
A 3-year-old child presented with history of recurrent epigastric pain for two months with anemia (5.2 g/dl) and fall in haemoglobin. Ultrasound abdomen revealed an echoic cystic lesion adjacent to pancreas and duodenum. Contrast enhanced computerised tomography thorax and abdomen revealed a cystic lesion in the posterior mediastinum extending from the level of arch of aorta through the esophageal hiatus into the lesser sac of the abdomen. Provisional differential diagnosis of pulmonary sequestration / thoraco-abdominal cyst was considered. Tc-99m pertechnetate scintigraphy was performed in view of fall in haemoglobin. Flow and delayed images identified the ectopic mucosa in the thoraco-abdominal cyst [Figure 1] and [Figure 2]. SPECT-CT was further done to confirm the findings [Figure 3]. Following the study, patient underwent posterolateral thoracotomy and exploratoary laparotomy in separate settings. The histo-pathology revealed ectopic gastric muscosa in the cyst [Figure 4].
|Figure 1: 99mTc pertechnetate flow images were taken in view of CECT findings of pulmonary sequestration/thoraco-abdominal cyst. The images revealed physiological tracer uptake in the myocardium and stomach. Faint area of tracer uptake noted in the epigastric region adjoining the stomach which increased progressively with time (arrow).|
Click here to view
|Figure 2: Serial static views were taken at (A) 20 min, (B) 02 h, and (C) 24 h. In image (A), arrow points towards faint tracer uptake in the epigastric region. In image (B), there is linear area of increased tracer uptake noted in the thorax and the abdomen (arrow). (C) 24 h delayed images show persistent increased tracer uptake in the thorax and abdomen with tracer washout from the stomach (arrow).|
Click here to view
|Figure 3: SPECT-CT images reveal (A) hypodense area in the epigastric region with increased tracer uptake as shown by solid orange arrow in image (C). Physiological uptake in the stomach is noted (yellow arrow). Images (B) and (D) show linear area of increased tracer uptake in the thoracic component of the duplication cyst in the posterior mediastinum .The above-mentioned findings localized the presence of Tc-99m pertechnatate (ectopic gastric mucosa) in the thoraco-abdominal cyst.|
Click here to view
|Figure 4: Postoperative histopathology of the foregut (thoraco-abdominal)duplication cyst showing lining partly by stratified squamous epithelium. Numerous lymphoid aggregates and mixed inflammatory cell infiltrates are present in the subepithelium (H and E 20X).|
Click here to view
Flow and delayed images must be taken to identify ectopic mucosa in duplication cysts as it might only be positive on delayed images in certain cases as in intestinal duplication.,, Thoraco-abdominal duplication cyst is a congenital malformation of the posterior primitive foregut. Presentation of thoraco-abdominal cyst with anemia is a rare presentation. Ectopic gastric mucosa is seen in around 20%–30% of the enteric duplication cysts.,,
The above-mentioned findings localized the presence of Tc-99m pertechnatate (ectopic gastric mucosa) in the thoraco-abdominal cyst. Thus, SPECT-CT played an important role in increasing the confidence level and reconfirming the planar scintigraphy findings., Further thoraco-abdominal location of the duplication is extremely rare., It emphasizes on imaging protocols and correct identification of the ectopic mucosa in this setting with SPECT-CT.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
Sharma P, Singh H, Nazar AH. 99mTc-pertechnetate SPECT/CT for detecting recurrent foregut duplication cyst in a case with negative planar scintigraphy. Clin Nucl Med 2013;38:641-42.
Kumar R, Dasan JB, Chandrashekar N. Diagnosis of ectopic gastric mucosa using 99Tcm-pertechnetate: Spectrum of scintigraphic findings. Br J Radiol 2005;78:714-20.
Singal AK, Bhatnagar V, Mitra DK. Oesophageal duplication cyst causing neonatal haemoptysis. Trop Gastroeneterol 2004;25:99-100.
Kumar K, Dhull VS, Karunanithi S. Synchronous thoracic and abdominal enteric duplication cysts: Accurate detection with 99mTc-pertechnetate scintigraphy. Indian J Nucr Med 2015;30:59-61.
Kiratli PO, Aksoy T, Bozkurt MF. Detection of ectopic gastric mucosa using 99mTc pertechnetate: reiview of literature. Ann Nucl Med 2009;23:97-105.
Gross RE, Holcomb GW, Jr Farber S. Duplications of the alimentary tract. Pediatrics 1952;9:448-68.
Bower RJ, Sieber WK, Kiesewetter WB. Alimentary tract duplications in children. Ann Surg 1978;188:669-74.
[Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4]