Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 181-184

Incremental benefit of SPECT + CT bone scans over conventional planar and SPECT bone scans in vertebroplasty

Department of Radiology, Division of Nuclear Medicine, Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Correspondence Address:
Kush Kumar
Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Carl Vinson VA Medical Center. Dublin, Georgia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-3919.106700

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Study design: Planar bone scans with SPECT and SPECT + CT were performed in those patients who underwent peri-operative evaluation for vertebroplasty. The scans were evaluated separately to identify the "culprit" vertebra (e) by two readers and their results were analyzed. Objective: Use of planar and SPECT bone scan for identifying the "culprit" vertebra (e) for vertebroplasty is well established. SPECT + CT is a relatively recent imaging tool providing co-registered fused images. Theoretical advantages of SPECT + CT over conventional SPECT imaging needs to be evaluated and documented. Summary of Background Data: Percutaneous stabilization of collapsed vertebra by bone cement has now become a standard procedure. However, it is essential to localize the correct vertebra. Imaging modalities like CT scan provides structural or anatomical information where as bone scan (planar + SPECT images) provides more functional or physiological information. Combination of these two imaging modalities is expected to provide much more than information obtained by any one imaging modality separately. To the best our knowledge, there is no reference available in the literature adopting this approach. Materials and Methods: Two expert readers, blinded to patient history, evaluated the scans. They independently analyzed planar + SPECT only images followed by SPECT/CT fused images with the aim to identify the acutely fractured vertebra for vertebroplasty. Results: Interpretations changed, on average, 50% of the time as a result of the additional information provided by SPECT + CT. SPECT + CT more precisely localizes tracer abnormalities in the vertebra compared to SPECT imaging alone Conclusion: The greatest value of co-registered SPECT + CT bone scan lies in the accurate localization of affected vertebrae in complicated cases of multiple collapsed vertebrae of different ages as well as in the post-vertebroplasty setting

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