Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 122-129

Retrospective study of Tc-99m thyroid scan in patients with graves' disease: Is there significant difference in lobar activity?


1 Department of Radio-Diagnosis and Nuclear Medicine, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah; Jeddah Oncology Centre, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 Research Centre, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Radio-Diagnosis and Nuclear Medicine, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Nuclear Medicine, National Cancer Institute, Cairo, Egypt
5 Department of Medical Physics, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
6 Internal Medicine Department, East Jeddah Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shereen Wagieh
Department of Radio-Diagnosis and Nuclear Medicine, King Abdullah Medical City, Mekkah; Jeddah Oncology Centre, Jeddah
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijnm.IJNM_186_19

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Purpose: Graves' disease (GD) is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. It was reported that the right thyroid lobe is generally larger, and it is more likely to be affected by thyroid disorders. The aim of the current study is to verify preferential affection of one of the thyroid lobes and incidence of higher activity of either thyroid lobe in patients with GD through analysis of quantitative data of Tc-99m thyroid scan and possible relation of different thyroid lobar activity to gender, age, and total thyroid uptake (TTU) level. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of quantitative data of Tc-99m thyroid scan in patients with GD was done. Total and lobar thyroid uptake levels were analyzed and correlated with age, gender, and TTU. Results: GD was reported in 222 patients, representing 76.6% of those with hyperthyroidism, women represent 70.3% of patients. The right thyroid lobe uptake (RLU) figures were significantly higher compared to the left in the whole group as well as in women and in young patients (<40 years). This significance was lost in men and in old patients. Equal lobar uptake was found in 11 patients. 138 patients (62.2%) had higher RLU, while the remaining 73 patients (32.8%) had higher left thyroid lobe uptake, with statistically significant difference. This significant difference was found in women and in young patients and was absent in men and old patients. There is an increase in the incidence of patients with higher RLU in association with an increase in TTU. All women with TTU >30% had higher RLU figures. Conclusion: There is significant preferential thyroid lobar affection in favor of the right thyroid lobe in patients with GD, with significantly higher RLU figures and significantly more incidence of patients with higher right lobar activity. This significance is maintained in women and in young patients and lost in men and old patients. The incidence of higher right thyroid lobe activity also increases in association with increase in TTU. Our results emphasize the value of Tc99m thyroid scan in patients with GD, especially when surgery is the treatment of choice, helping to tailor suitable surgical procedure for each individual patient.


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