Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 329-331

Mycobacterial lymphadenitis in a human immunodeficiency virus-infected patient: Usefulness of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography for diagnosis and monitoring the response to treatment


1 Nuclear Medicine Unit, “Santa Maria Goretti” Hospital, Latina, Italy
2 Pathology Unit, “Santa Maria Goretti” Hospital, Latina, Italy
3 Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, Tor Vergata University, Rome; IRCCS Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Luca Filippi
Nuclear Medicine Unit, “Santa Maria Goretti” Hospital, Via Canova, Latina
Italy
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijnm.IJNM_125_19

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Lymphadenitis, due to typical or atypical Mycobacterium, is a clinical condition frequently associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Differential diagnosis between benign and malignant causes may be a challenge for clinicians. In this regard, the role of positron emission tomography (PET) with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) has still not been fully explored. We describe a case of 30-year-old male, infected by HIV, with mycobacterial lymphadenitis, in which 18FDG-PET and PET-derived parameters resulted useful for guiding diagnosis and monitoring the response to treatment.


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