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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 112-117

Role of Early Dynamic Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography with 68Ga-prostate-specific Membrane Antigen-HBED-CC in Patients with Adenocarcinoma Prostate: Initial Results


1 Department of Nuclear Medicine, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Urology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nishikant Avinash Damle
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Ansari Nagar, AIIMS, New Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijnm.IJNM_8_18

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Rationale: Prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PSMA PET/CT) is widely used for imaging of prostate cancer (PC) nowadays. However, appearance of bladder activity many a times hampers lesion detection vis-a-vis primary as well as regional nodes. We aimed to assess if early dynamic PET/CT can be a potential solution to this issue. Methodology: A total of 15 biopsy-proven PC patients who were referred to our department for 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT for staging/restaging were prospectively studied. Dynamic PET/CT was done with on table intravenous injection of 2–3 mCi (74–111 MBq) of the radiotracer. Dynamic images were acquired over the pelvis with a frame time of 1 min for 10 min. Static images of 2 min per bed position were acquired between 45 and 60 min after injection. A 3D volume of interest was plotted on the primary lesion, involved nodes if any, pelvic bones at involved and uninvolved sites, gluteal muscles, and bladder. Results: Six patients were referred for staging and 9 for restaging. Mean age of 15 patients was 66.7 years, median prostate-specific antigen level was 17.25 ng/ml (Range 0.05–218), mean Gleason score was 8. All patients showed high target to nontarget ratio in the early dynamic images comparable to that seen on the delayed images in different sites (prostatic primary: n = 15 patients; lymph nodes: n = 10 patients; bone: n = 5 patients). All pathologic lesions showed tracer uptake within the first 3 min and reached maximum uptake during the dynamic study in last 3 min, indicating an increasing uptake pattern, whereas urinary bladder (UB) activity was insignificant within the first 3 min of dynamic imaging in all patients, reached maximum during last 3 min. SUVmaxwas significantly higher in primary lesions in the first 4 min compared to UB accumulation. Static images showed more tracer accumulation than dynamic images in primary, nodal, and bony lesions. However, all regional nodes seen on delayed static imaging also showed uptake on dynamic imaging. Conclusion: Early dynamic imaging 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT can demarcate the primary tumor clearly due to nonaccumulation of bladder activity and appears to have comparable efficacy in detecting pelvic nodal sites as delayed imaging.


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