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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 83-84  

Asymmetrical F-18 Flurorodeoxyglucose uptake in the breasts: A dilemma solved by patient history


Department of Nuclear Medicine and Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

Date of Web Publication21-Dec-2015

Correspondence Address:
Madhavi Tripathi
Department of Nuclear Medicine and Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-3919.172377

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   Abstract 

The present case highlights the importance of history taking in solving the dilemmas of variant F-18 FDG uptake on PET/CT. Asymmetrically increased, abnormal looking, FDG uptake in the right breast of our patient was related to her breast feeding practice. Because of personal preference the patient suckled her child from the right breast only. This resulted in asymmetry of size, increase in glandular breast parenchyma and FDG uptake in the breast that was suckled.

Keywords: Breast, F-18 fluorodeoxygluocose, lactating, positron emission tomography/computed tomography


How to cite this article:
Gupta RK, Tripathi M, Sahoo MK, Nazar AH, Agarwal K, Kumar K, Damle N, Bal C. Asymmetrical F-18 Flurorodeoxyglucose uptake in the breasts: A dilemma solved by patient history. Indian J Nucl Med 2016;31:83-4

How to cite this URL:
Gupta RK, Tripathi M, Sahoo MK, Nazar AH, Agarwal K, Kumar K, Damle N, Bal C. Asymmetrical F-18 Flurorodeoxyglucose uptake in the breasts: A dilemma solved by patient history. Indian J Nucl Med [serial online] 2016 [cited 2019 Oct 18];31:83-4. Available from: http://www.ijnm.in/text.asp?2016/31/1/83/172377

A 35-year-old female, 6 months postpartum, was referred to our department for a whole-body F-18 fluorodeoxygluocose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) study because of fever of unknown origin. She had a previous history of molar pregnancy. A PET/CT study was done following intravenous injection of 222 MBq (6 mCi) of F-18 FDG. The maximum intensity projection image [Figure 1]a-arrow revealed abnormal, increased FDG uptake in the right breast region. The fused PET/CT images revealed enlargement of the right breast with dense glandular parenchyma showing increased FDG uptake [Figure 1]b with no definite mass identifiable on CT [Figure 1]c. The patient was questioned regarding her lactating status, and she revealed that due to her personal comfort and preference, she was feeding the child from the right breast only. The right breast was enlarged compared to the left but there were no signs of inflammation or underlying tenderness. The increased FDG uptake was thus interpreted to be related to lactation from the right breast only. Patterns of FDG uptake in lactating breasts has been described in literature. [1],[2] This uptake is usually bilateral, diffuse and symmetric. Breast FDG uptake was not noted in a woman who had not begun breastfeeding her 2 days infant and neither was she receiving medication to suppress lactation/prolactin production. [1] Thus, FDG uptake in lactating breasts is related to suckling rather than prolactin production. Experimental studies in rats have revealed that there is increased expression of glucose transporter-1 (GLUT-1) in the lactating breast, and this expression decreases rapidly after cessation of suckling. [3],[4] A few authors [1],[5],[6],[7] have reported unilateral breast uptake related to breastfeeding practice preferentially from the same breast. This is due to the increased GLUT-1 expression in the suckled breast compared to the nonsuckled side. We, therefore, need to be aware of this possibility while reporting an F-18 FDG PET/CT study in a lactating patient. The other differentials or diffuse FDG uptake in unilateral breast are advanced breast cancer, lymphoma, and inflammatory conditions. [8] All these were ruled out by concomitant CT in our case as there was no significant mass lesion/distortion in normal architecture. Proper history was taken, and enquiry about lactation and breastfeeding was done before PET/CT was done. The patient denied of any breastfeeding since last 2 days as the baby was started with weaning. After reviewing the scan again, she was asked about lactation and breastfeeding. She informed that she used to breast feed the baby only on the right side due to better positional comfort. Hence, proper history including lactation history and pattern of breastfeeding should be enquired, especially when dealing with women of reproductive age group.
Figure 1: The maximum intensity projection image (a-arrow) revealed abnormal, increased fluorodeoxygluocose uptake in the right breast region. The fused positron emission tomography/computed tomography images revealed enlargement of the right breast with dense glandular parenchyma showing increased fluorodeoxygluocose uptake (b) with no definite mass identifiable on computed tomography (c)

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   References Top

1.
Hicks RJ, Binns D, Stabin MG. Pattern of uptake and excretion of (18) F-FDG in the lactating breast. J Nucl Med 2001;42:1238-42.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Yasuda S, Fujii H, Takahashi W, Takagi S, Ide M, Shohtsu A. Lactating breast exhibiting high F-18 FDG uptake. Clin Nucl Med 1998;23:767-8.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Burnol AF, Leturque A, Loizeau M, Postic C, Girard J. Glucose transporter expression in rat mammary gland. Biochem J 1990;270:277-9.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Camps M, Vilaro S, Testar X, Palacín M, Zorzano A. High and polarized expression of GLUT1 glucose transporters in epithelial cells from mammary gland: Acute down-regulation of GLUT1 carriers by weaning. Endocrinology 1994;134:924-34.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Shor M, Dave N, Reddy M, Ali A. Asymmetric FDG uptake in a lactating breast. Clin Nucl Med 2002;27:536.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Ko KH, Jung HK, Jeon TJ. Diffuse intense 18F-FDG uptake at PET in unilateral breast related to breastfeeding practice. Korean J Radiol 2013;14:400-2.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Abhyankar A, Joshi J, Basu S. FDG uptake in unilateral breast related to breastfeeding practice in a patient of pulmonary hydatid cyst. Clin Nucl Med 2012;37:676-8.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Lamovec J, Jancar J. Primary malignant lymphoma of the breast. Lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue. Cancer 1987;60:3033-41.  Back to cited text no. 8
    


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