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LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 368  

Seminal vesicle metastasis from carcinoma lung: A very unusual metastatic site detected with 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography


Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET/CT, Eastern Diagnostics Ltd., Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Date of Web Publication1-Sep-2015

Correspondence Address:
Punit Sharma
13C, Mirza Ghalib Street, Kolkata - 700 016, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: Nil., Conflict of Interest: None declared.


DOI: 10.4103/0972-3919.159696

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How to cite this article:
Sharma P, Marangmei C. Seminal vesicle metastasis from carcinoma lung: A very unusual metastatic site detected with 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography. Indian J Nucl Med 2015;30:368

How to cite this URL:
Sharma P, Marangmei C. Seminal vesicle metastasis from carcinoma lung: A very unusual metastatic site detected with 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography. Indian J Nucl Med [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Dec 16];30:368. Available from: http://www.ijnm.in/text.asp?2015/30/4/368/159696



Sir,

A 59-year-old male presented with backache for last 1-month. He was a chronic smoker. There was no other significant history. Radiographs of the lumbar spine revealed lytic-sclerotic (predominantly sclerotic) lesions in lumbar vertebrae and pelvic bones, suggestive of metastases. The patient underwent18 F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (18 F-FDG) contrast enhanced positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for localization of the primary malignancy [Figure 1]a, [Figure 1]b, [Figure 1]c, [Figure 1]d, [Figure 1]e. Maximum intensity projection PET image showed multiple focal areas of18 F-FDG uptake in the head and neck, thorax, abdomen and pelvis (a). Contrast-enhanced PET/CT image of the thorax showed a nodular18 F-FDG avid lesion (SUVmax-5.6) in left lung upper lobe, measuring 1.7 cm × 1.5 cm and showing pleural tagging (b, arrow). Also noted were multiple18 F-FDG avid mediastinal nodes (b, broken arrows). The prostate gland was normal in size with no definite focal18 F-FDG uptake or space occupying lesion (c, arrowhead). Interestingly, an enhancing space occupying lesion (d, e, bold arrow) measuring 1.3 cm × 0.8 cm in size was seen in left seminal vesicle showing increased18 F-FDG uptake (SUVmax-5.1). Also noted were multiple18 F-FDG avid skeletal metastases (c-e, broken arrows). Based on PET/CT findings a diagnosis of primary malignancy of left lung with nodal, bone and seminal vesicle metastases was made. Computed tomography guided fine needle aspiration cytology from the lung lesion confirmed primary adenocarcinoma of the lung. However, since seminal vesicle involvement is common in prostate cancer, and unheard of in lung cancer further evaluation with serum prostate-specific antigen and transrectal ultrasound was done; both turned out to be normal. Based on these findings the left seminal vesicle lesion was characterized as metastasis. The patient was started on chemotherapy along with local radiotherapy to spine.
Figure 1: Maximum intensity projection positron emission tomography (PET) image showing multiple focal areas of 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) uptake in the head and neck, thorax, abdomen and pelvis (a). Contrast enhanced PET/computed tomography image of the thorax showed a nodular 18F-FDG avid lesion (SUVmax-5.6) in left lung upper lobe, measuring 1.7 cm × 1.5 cm and showing pleural tagging (b, arrow), along with multiple 18F-FDG avid mediastinal nodes (b, broken arrows). Prostate gland was normal in size with no definite focal 18F-FDG uptake or space occupying lesion (c, arrowhead). Also noted was an enhancing space occupying lesion (d, e, bold arrow) measuring 1.3 cm × 0.8 cm in size in left seminal vesicle showing increased 18F-FDG uptake (SUVmax-5.1). Also noted were multiple 18F-FDG avid skeletal lesions (c-e, broken arrows)

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While the local invasion of the seminal vesicle is common in prostate cancer, primary or metastatic neoplasms of the seminal vesicle are extremely rare.[1],[2] To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case reporting the finding of seminal vesicle metastasis from lung cancer on PET/CT.



 
   References Top

1.
Reddy MN, Verma S. Lesions of the seminal vesicles and their MRI characteristics. J Clin Imaging Sci 2014;4:61.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
2.
Silva RC, Sasse AD, Matheus WE, Ferreira U. Magnetic resonance image in the diagnosis and evaluation of extra-prostatic extension and involvement of seminal vesicles of prostate cancer: A systematic review of literature and meta-analysis. Int Braz J Urol 2013;39:155-66.  Back to cited text no. 2
    


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